Woodslane Online Catalogues
The Fervent Embrace
Liberal Protestants, Evangelicals, and Israel
- When Israel declared its independence in 1948, Harry Truman issued a memo recognizing the Israeli government within eleven minutes. Today, the U.S. and Israel continue on as partners in an at times controversial alliance-an alliance, many argue, that is powerfully influenced by the Christian Right. In The Fervent Embrace, Caitlin Carenen chronicles the American Christian relationship with Israel, tracing first mainline Protestant and then evangelical support for Zionism. In the aftermath of the Holocaust, American liberal Protestants argued that America had a moral humanitarian duty to support Israel. Christian anti-Semitism had helped bring about the Holocaust, they declared, and so Christians must help make amends. Moreover, a stable and democratic Israel would no doubt make the Middle East a safer place for future American interests. Carenen argues that it was this mainline Protestant position that laid the foundation for the current evangelical Protestant support for Israel, which is based primarily on theological grounds. Drawing on previously unexplored archival material from the Central Zionist Archives in Israel, this volume tells the full story of the American Christian-Israel relationship, bringing the various "players"-American liberal Protestants, American Evangelicals, American Jews, and Israelis-together into one historical narrative.
- Acknowledgments Introduction List of Abbreviations 1 American Protestants and Jewish Persecution, 1933-1937 2 American Protestants Respond to Zionism and the Jewish Genocide in Europe, 1938-1948 Case Study 1. The Myth of Christian Intervention, Christian Guilt, and the Martin Niemoeller Controversy 3 The Challenges of Statehood, 1948-1953 4 Political and Theological Dissent, 1953-1967 Case Study 2. "Of course, down in Virginia, you do have to worry about Southern Baptists": Samuel Newman, American Protestants, and Post-World War II Jewish-Christian Dialogue 5 The Tide Turns, 1967-1973 Case Study 3. The Individual and the U.S.-Israeli Alliance: Ursula Niebuhr, the Jerusalem Committee, and Christians Concerned for Israel viii | Contents 6 A New U.S.-Israeli Alliance, 1973-1979 7 The Political and Religious Landscape Shifts, 1980-2008 Notes Selected Bibliography Index About the Author
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