This study analyzes the unique triangular relationship between Israel's diplomatic representatives, pro-Israel advocates, and US administrations draws on a wealth of Hebrew and English primary documentation that includes; government archives, surveillance records, wiretappings, personal oral interviews, and diaries of key individuals. Natan Aridan demonstrates how a small new state succeeded in establishing a level of political, economic and military aid that has made for an alliance that is unique in the American experience. Revealed in considerable depth are the dilemmas facing Israeli and US leaders, and pro-Israel organizations and the extent to which individual Jewish leaders maneuvered as conduits between Israeli governments and US administrations, whose senior dramatis personae in turn attempted to influence, moderate, restrain, and change the course of policy decisions and actions. Each administration had multiple voices and international contingencies presented different challenges, all of which had a major impact in fluctuations, and shifts in policies toward Israel. There was nothing inevitable about military and financial support for Israel. It was only by the end of the period that a distinct pattern began to emerge. Eventual qualified US support took a long and complicated path developed over many decades on multidimensional levels. The book refutes insidious allegations that from Israel's inception Jewish influence and a powerful Israel lobby hijacked US foreign policy to achieve unreserved military and financial support for Israel that undermined the best interests of the US. The author illustrates one of the poorly misunderstood aspects on the subject by demonstrating how Israeli governments were more astute and powerful than previous scholars have realized and that they were in fact pulling the strings far more than AIPAC and wealthy Jews. He also demonstrates that a contributing factor on the decision to aid Israel (understated in previous research) lay in Israel exploiting its 'nuisance value.'
Chapter 1: Transitions: From the Jewish Agency to the State of Israel, 19481952 Chapter 2: Securing Aid, 19481952 Chapter 3: Winds of Criticism and the Downgrading of Israel Chapter 4: The Hasbara Struggle in the Wake of US Coercive Diplomacy, 1954June 1956 Chapter 5: The Ramifications of Israel's Sinai War Chapter 6: Surmounting Obstacles in the Mending of Fences, April 1957December 1960 Chapter 7: Great Expectations of the Kennedy Administration, 19611963 Chapter 8: The Johnson Administration, 19631969 Chapter 9: The Nixon and Ford Administrations, 19691975
Chapter 1: Transitions: From the Jewish Agency to the State of Israel, 1948-1952 Chapter 2: Securing Aid, 1948-1952 Chapter 3: Winds of Criticism and the Downgrading of Israel Chapter 4: The Hasbara Struggle in the Wake of US Coercive Diplomacy, 1954-June 1956 Chapter 5: The Ramifications of Israel's Sinai War Chapter 6: Surmounting Obstacles in the Mending of Fences, April 1957-December 1960 Chapter 7: Great Expectations of the Kennedy Administration, 1961-1963 Chapter 8: The Johnson Administration, 1963-1969 Chapter 9: The Nixon and Ford Administrations, 1969-1975