Completed in 1984 by Arup Associates as a speculative office development at the fringe of the city, 1 Finsbury Avenue (1FA), the first section of the Broadgate masterplan to be completed, was widely acclaimed at the time and has since been listed as a grade II building by Historic England. It was commonly acknowledged as having set the exemplar for future commercial architecture in the UK, introducing major innovations in construction methods and materials from the US, including fast track steel structures, the large-scale use of prefabricated elements, new ways of managing the construction workforce, as well as making energy efficiency techniques integral to the design, along with the one of the first uses of Business Management Systems (BMS) - and a whole new approach to the design and planning of an office block.
1FA is currently undergoing a prestigious mixed-use restoration by British Land, in liaison with Historic England, designed by award-winning architects Alford Hall Monaghan Morris. While retaining the distinctive listed facade and reintroducing the original plan's full height interior atrium, AHMM have taken a similarly innovative and experimental approach to the complex, and in doing so, have set a new exemplar for the future of office design in the 21st Century.
This book will set the iconic building in its historic context, before detailing the story of its initial development, design and construction, its listing and the effect of a listing on a commercial property in terms of planning and adaptive reuse, and then critically examining the current scheme and the reimagining of a late 20th Century landmark.
Chapter 1: Site history from Bethlehem Hospital to the coming of the railways
Chapter 2: Broad Street station 1865-1984
Chapter 3: Lipton and Foggo: the evolution of the 1FA scheme in the context of the City of London in the 1980s. Foggo's architecture and fast track construction
Chapter 4: The complete building: acclaimed as an outstanding example of commercial architecture. Its place in Arup Associates' work
Chapter 5: The context of Liverpool Street and Broadgate Chapter 6: The scope of change: 1FA listed, a reflection of the ongoing reassessment of the modern heritage. Dealings with planners and EH/HE
Chapter 7: The current scheme: unique restoration and reimagining of the late 20th century landmark. The brief and AHMM's response